Changes in climate patterns have the most acute effect on people living in the world’s dry areas and marginal lands. As these rural communities are largely dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods, it follows that research innovations provided by agricultural research and improved 'integrated agro-ecosystem' farming approaches are probably the primary protection for these people from climate-related shifts. This is also why agricultural innovation and research should be recognized as strategic priorities of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

Innovations from agricultural research have solutions that add value to country investment plans to combat climate change and meeting Sustainable Development Goals. Climate farming innovations, as part of a national climate change action plan, supports the long-term agricultural growth of drylands countries. These innovations help regenerate degraded land. They bring new nutrition and income benefits to rural populations. Here are technologies, practices and policy options are tested and ready for scaling-up, including Climate-resilient crops, Crop persification strategies, Crop-livestock systems, Managing severe water scarcity as well as Rehabilitating rangelands.

Farmers in dryland areas of Indonesia are benefiting from the adoption of conservation agriculture alongside agroforestry. East Nusa Tenggara comprises around 48,000 square kilometers, of which 1.5 million hectares is considered dry land. Local farmers believe they can produce only enough corn for family meals and are unable to harvest any more to take to the market. Low productivity due to barren land often leaves the community with food shortages, forcing them to depend on government aid.
In 2013, a trial conservation agriculture program began in the region with a 30 hectare demonstration plot. Now, 237 plots stretch across East and West Nusa Tenggara and involve almost 5,000 farmers. The farmers are adopting the tree main principles of conservation agriculture: minimal soil disturbance, creating permanent soil cover and rotating crops. Conservation agriculture helps to retain soil moisture, prevent run-off and therefore reduce erosion. It also contributes to making agricultural systems more resilient to climate change. In addition to adopting conservation agriculture, thousands of trees have been planted in agroforestry systems. This has helped to create a ‘green terrace’ that protects homes and corn plantations from strong winds.

Research and Innovation of Science for Combating Climate Change in Drylands Agriculture

1. Genetic diversity
2. Diversity of species
3. Diversity of ecosystems
4. Ethnobiology & Socioeconomics
5. Life Science and Technology


Place : Hotel Swiss-Belinn Malang
Jl. Veteran No. 8A, Penanggungan, Klojen, Malang City 65145, East Java, Indonesia. Tel.: +62-341-550368

Date : 18 February 2017
Time : 08.00 to 22.30 WIB


Date : 19 February 2017
Time : 08.00 to 11.30 WIB


Note: All manuscripts relating to the sub-themes can be submitted.