Global climate change models (GCMs) predicted that by the end of 21st century, in comparison to averages prior to the 1980s, global warming will bring about : a 3-4 C increase in mean temperature, a 30-40% decrease in rainfall, significant changes in seasonality, a rise in sea level and more frequent severe weather events relative to pre-1980s records (IPCC 2007). At the regional scale, most sepcies and ecological communities exist within a defineable bioclimatic nieche, where habitat values is largely controlled by a set of variable cliatic parameters including precipitation and temperature. When there are changes in these variables, the habitat value for that area will also change. The task of understanding how species and communities respond to changes is a crucial challenge for biodiversity hotspots. Indonesia has many sites with current biodiversity hotspots. These hotspots are a potential sites for biosphere reserve and yet they are also the most vulnerable habitats and often lack of scientifically sound biodiversity research and management. Moreover in this time of climate change there has not been a crucial moment where the needs to integrate protection and conservation of biodiversity with harmony and welfare of the people living in these biodiversity hotspot.

Biosphere reserves are areas comprising terrestrial, marine and coastal ecosystems. Each reserve promotes solutions reconciling the conservation of biodiversity with its sustainable use (UNESCO 2016). Biosphere reserve is basically a unique concept which include one or more protected areas with their surrounding lands which are managed with combination of conservation of landscape-ecosystem, species and genetics which is in a harmony with economical development and traditional indigenous knowledge (Darnaedi et al. 2005). Biosphere reserve is appointed site by UNESCO Man and Biosphere (MAB) program. At a national scale, currently Indonesia has eight Biosphere Reserves namely : Cibodas, Tanjung Puting, Lore Lindu, Komodo, Pulau Siberut, Gunung Leuser, Giam Siak-Kecil Bukit Batu and Taman Laut Wakatobi. Indonesia needs more sites to be appointed as biosphere reserve, especially when considering much of these biodiversity rich landscapes are also the most vulnerable to environmental changes.


Roles of Biodiversity and Conservation Research under Global Climate Change

1. Genetic diversity
2. Diversity of species
3. Diversity of ecosystems
4. Ethnobiology & Socioeconomics
5. Life Science and Technology



Jl. Kebun Raya, Candikuning, Baturiti, Tabanan, Bali 82191, Indonesia

Date : 8-10 December 2017
Time : 08.00 to 16.30 WIB


Note: All manuscripts relating to the sub-themes can be submitted.